“The design of this was a process between the architect, our design team, the structural engineers, and the contractors. The structure serves a much different purpose than a chapel where regular worship services are conducted. The original brick walls are anchored to new reinforced concrete shear walls by placing shotcrete against the interior surface of the brick (Figure 2). The temple sits nestled among local forest and evergreen trees in a suburban area roughly 15 miles southwest of the historic colonial city of Raleigh. A significant challenge faced by the design team was converting a 35,000 square foot historic structure into a modern 85,000 square foot temple without losing historic details. The remaining three wythes of brick were permanently anchored to the new shotcrete walls by installing 14-inch to 16-inch-long steel helical anchors into the brick. Provo Utah Temple — In Phase 2, as of Aug. 17, 2020. The micro-piles also helped mitigate the potentially liquefiable soils that exist on the site. The Provo Utah Temple was originally named the Provo Temple. Since the original building had only a crawlspace below the main floor, a system had to be engineered to support and reinforce the existing masonry walls for excavation to take place. The temple was dedicated exactly one year later. So that in an earthquake the earth moves and the temple moves less,” said Andy Kirby, Director of Historic Temple Renovations. Enhanced inspections were conducted to maintain quality control of the shotcrete placement (Figure 3). PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY—Based on First Presidency direction, this temple has resumed limited operations. Instead of a temple, however, the Maeser Building was built on the hill in 1911 as a part of the Brigham Young University (BYU) campus. All materials contained in this website fall under U.S. copyright laws. The design of the interior bracing system needed to be compact and maximize working space for the contractor. The walls also stabilize the existing brick walls against lateral out-of-plane forces. In 1917, the tower was removed because its weight caused excessive deflections in the roof members. The new temple will be St. George's second temple. This bracing system would remain in place until a new structural steel frame was constructed inside the building, and new floor and roof diaphragms were in place to brace the exterior walls. Intense preservation and design work were required in order to begin construction on the new Provo City Temple. The church is scheduled to detail lengthy renovation and retrofitting plans for the temple on Friday, and as Notre Dame burned it brought clearly into focus the need for care during what firefighters say can be a particularly dangerous time for historical structures. (Only three other temples have six ordinance rooms: the Ogden Utah Temple, Jordan River Utah Temple, and Washington D.C. First, they temporarily supported the exterior brick walls. Most of the damage to the walls was caused by the collapse of the wood roof structure during the fire. The mat footing and foundation walls were designed to resist the upward hydrostatic pressures. Another significant architectural feature of the original Tabernacle was the wood-framed roofs of the octagonal stair towers at the four building corners (Figure 7). Phase 1: This initial phase was completed in August of 2013, which consisted of nine (9) restroom remodels. Over 70,000 attended in what was the largest temple dedication in history. The typical span of the post-tensioned beams is 60 to 64 feet. Provo Utah Temple. Selection of the shoring system was influenced by the presence of high groundwater at the site. Still, people wonder if the Provo Temple is destined for Ogden-style massive makeover. After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. When the bottom of excavation was reached, a waterproofing membrane was installed and a new 18- to 24-inch thick reinforced concrete mat footing was placed. The building hosted U.S. presidents, musical performances, school commencements, interfaith gatherings, and community events. The jacks were then loaded to transfer the weight of the walls above onto the needle beams and shoring system. Two of the five interior wythes of brick (approximately 8 inches) were removed, and that space was replaced with shotcrete. A public open house for the Provo City Center Temple begins on January 15, 2016, following a five-year renovation of the former Provo Tabernacle. Some of the piles were battered to resist the temporary lateral loads on the shored walls during construction. In short, the brick walls would need to be reinforced and strengthened. The statue was eventually eliminated from the design, though one was added over 31 years after its dedication. Essentially, no floor space was lost. The renovation is scheduled to take a year and a half, so if you want to see this temple any time in the next two years, you should plan to visit quickly. STRUCTURE® magazine is a registered trademark of the National Council of Structural Engineers Associations (NCSEA). In the late 1970s, a feasibility study was prepared by the Provo Temple presidency for the establishment of a Provo Temple Visitors Center. A 17-acre (69,000 m 2) block of property at the base of Rock Canyon was chosen as the site for the Provo Temple.. Constructed from 1883 to 1898, the Provo Tabernacle was a historical treasure of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and the local community. When the Salt Lake Temple renovation was announced in the spring of 2019, Church President Russell M. Nelson said the project would “enhance, refresh and … The Church's other two universities; Brigham Young University–Hawaii in Laie, Hawaii, and Brigham Young University–Idaho in Rexburg, Idaho; also have adjacent temples. This led to the building of the Ogden and Provo temples to relieve the strain on the older pioneer-era temples. The campus of Church-owned Brigham Young University (BYU) borders the temple to the southwest. Latter-day Saint Temple Construction Photographs. A new internal bracing system would also have to be engineered to stabilize the remaining brick walls while the temporary external bracing system that was installed soon after the fire was removed. Located on Provo's east bench near the mouth of magnificent Rock Canyon, the Provo Utah Temple claims a stunning backdrop of towering mountains. The announcement of the Provo Utah Temple and Ogden Utah Temple was prompted by a statistic computed in the mid-1960s that 52 percent of all ordinance work was performed in three temples: the Logan Utah Temple, the Manti Utah Temple, and the Salt Lake Temple. The original straight wood sheathing on the tower roofs was overlaid with new wood structural panel sheathing to stiffen and strengthen the roof structures. With the masonry reinforced and strengthened, the next phase was to support the stabilized building shell so excavation could begin. During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. Along with the renovation crews packed up many historical artifacts and furniture from inside of the temple. The Provo Utah Temple was dedicated in just two sessions by seating attendees—in addition to the temple—in the Marriott Center, George Albert Smith Fieldhouse, Joseph Smith Building, Harris Fine Arts Center, and Knight-Mangum Hall (Language Training Mission) on the BYU campus. The Provo Utah Temple stands adjacent to Church-owned Brigham Young University. Jacobsen project executive Kirk Dickamore calls the renovation and construction of the Provo City Center Temple “a once-in-a-lifetime project.” “The Provo Tabernacle was … For these ordinances, the temple will have minimal staff and the number … President Russell M. Nelson announced a temple would be built in Lindon, Utah during the Sunday afternoon session of General Conference. To help the owner gain confidence in the thinner walls performing as desired during an earthquake, the structural engineers completed a performance-based design using non-linear analysis techniques. Excavation of the surrounding soils then commenced with continued monitoring of the elevation of the structure. After more than five years of restoration and historical reconstruction, the Provo City Center Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was dedicated March 20, 2016. Architecturally prominent, a temple is considered by members of the LDS Church as the most sacred place of worship. Figure 4. The complex nature of this project demanded unique engineering and construction solutions. Construction of a great stone stairway leading up the hill to the west temple doors began in 1907. History. Since Provo's early years, a hill just northeast of downtown Provo was known as "Temple Hill." This has been for special renovation work --more extensive work than is usually done on a temple, including a new awning. Restoring the building to its original state and preserving its historic fabric was a primary architectural objective for principal architect Roger Jackson of FFKR Architects. After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. STRUCTURE magazine is the premier resource for practicing structural engineers. In my experience as a Temple Recorder, it has been a blessing to participate in extensive renovation projects in the Chicago Illinois, Los Angeles California, and Jordan River Utah temples. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple.During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. Here is a brief history of those temples. A series of eight-inch diameter micro-piles were drilled into the ground, on each side of the walls, to a depth of about 90 feet. The Manti Temple has undergone various remodeling and renovations. The temple’s renovation is expected to be completed in 2022. Credit: Nick Adams, for the Deseret News. Complete remodel of existing structure including all new mechanical, electrical and interior systems. Block-outs were formed in the foundation walls around each of the shoring needle beams (Figure 5). The brick walls did not have sufficient strength to function as shear walls or effectively resist out-of-plane earthquake forces. Since the building was concrete, we used the flooring stone for our jewelry. The Raleigh Temple & Baton Rouge Temple will complete renovations this year and be rededicated in October and November. Also of intense interest was restoring the original central tower. Each project utilized general contractors with sub-contractors spanning many crafts and disciplines requiring temple recommend holders to perform the majority of the work. Openings were then excavated through the rubble-stone foundation walls just below the brick and shotcrete walls. It seated 1,500 and featured octagonal stair towers, a high-pitched gabled roof, art glass windows, exquisite woodwork, and a central tower topping out at 167 feet above the ground. The micro-piles served several purposes. However, no visitors' center was ever established. Reaveley Engineers + Associates (RE+A) was the structural engineering consultant. Great care was taken in the designs to preserve the original historic beauty of the church’s exterior. Preserving and stabilizing the original brick walls was an initial focus. Hydraulic jacks were placed between the needle beams and concrete bearing lugs formed into the bottom of the shotcrete walls. The St. George Utah Temple, one of the historically significant buildings in the Church, was dedicated in 1877. It engages, enlightens, and empowers structural engineers through interesting, informative, and inspirational content. It also had to allow placement of new reinforced shotcrete walls against the interior face of the brick. Salt Lake Temple — Closed for renovations. This change in use would require the interior spaces be completely reconfigured within the original building envelope to accommodate new building functions. "I think it would be safe to say that that wouldn't even be considered until the Payson Temple (announced last month) is completed," Elder Walker said. Results indicated the strength of the mortar fell below minimum thresholds. Extra care was taken by the contractor to place the shotcrete in the walls while preventing voids behind and between the reinforcing steel. The Ogden Utah Temple (formerly the Ogden Temple) is the sixteenth constructed and fourteenth operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Dynamic, collaborative interactions between owner, architect, structural and geotechnical engineers, contractor and subcontractors generated economic and innovative solutions. The tower roofs were each removed as a single piece, and the one damaged tower was rehabilitated and rebuilt to its original configuration. The lid structure over the parking area was designed as a post-tensioned concrete beam and one-way slab system. One stair was partially burned and damaged by the fire while the other three only suffered minor smoke damage. This required 1,200 SF of new construction, with 6,000 SF of new stone. Kinshasa Congo Temple- Open House 12-30 Mar 2019 / Youth Devotional 13 Apr 2019 / Dedication 14 Apr 2019 Connections between the base of the tower roofs and the walls below were improved to resist the required wind and earthquake loads. Rumors linger about the Salt Lake Temple closing for renovations, especially with last year's addition of the Draper and Oquirrh Mountain temples. Careful detailing of the tendon anchorage plates was required to verify that they could fit within the profile of each of the beams. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY. Renovations. The contractor closely monitored the elevation of the walls during this load transfer to ensure only very slight changes in the elevation. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. President Joseph Fielding Smith presided at the dedication of the Provo Utah Temple, but at his request, the prayer he had written was offered by President Harold B. Lee, first counselor in the First Presidency. “The contractors and architects have worked in similar situations where they have done underpinning but not at this scale and this height,” said LDS Church project manager Andy Kirby. This announcement brought the total number of operating, under construction, under renovation or announced temples in the state of Utah to 25. Reaveley Engineers + Associates was an Outstanding Award Winner for its Provo City Center Utah LDS Temple project in the 2016 NCSEA Annual Excellence in Structural Engineering Awards Program in the Category – Renovation/Rehabilitation. The results indicated that the thinner shear walls would perform as prescribed to meet code requirements and the owner’s enhanced performance goal of life safety in the Maximum Considered Earthquake. Care was taken with shotcrete placement around reinforcing steel. The St. George Utah Temple closed November 4, 2019 for renovation … A crowd gathers at the capstone ceremony for the Salt Lake Temple on April 6, 1892. Questions or comments regarding this website are encouraged: Contact the webmaster. In the completed building, the shotcrete walls function as shear walls to resist lateral earthquake and wind loads imposed on the building. The exterior was almost all that remained of the Tabernacle. Shear strength, compressive strength, and deformation property tests were conducted to assess the mortar’s physical properties. The renovation itself will remain a remarkable feat to those who watched every stage of the project. As excavation progressed, steel diagonal braces were added between the micro-piles to provide lateral stability and maintain the allowable unbraced length of the micro-piles. Completion: Estimated in mid- to late 2021 (no official dates announced yet) Construction Status: Cladding on upper west walls, tower, and monument sign progressing; interior work underway Latest Photograph: 13 January 2021. While we used to use stone from the outside of the temple, we ran out so we switched to stone from the inside of the temple. Web development and content management by C3 Ink™, a division of Copper Creek Companies, Inc. Before linking, please review the STRUCTUREmag.org linking policy. Lastly, they acted as hold down anchors to resist buoyancy forces created by the water table. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. When the Salt Lake Temple renovation was announced in the spring of 2019, Church President Russell M. Nelson said the project would “enhance, refresh and … The study included statistical compilations of responses to a survey sent to stake presidents within the temple district. Ordinances will be performed by appointment only and limited to members residing in a designated geographic area. Crews respond to Tabernacle fire. The concrete beams were designed with higher than normal post-tensioning stresses to reduce beam depth as much as practical, while still controlling flexural cracking in the beam section. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle, Wood Meets Structural, Aesthetic, and Sustainability Goals at One Nort. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. The tabernacle was a more than century-old icon located in the central Utah community of Provo. HISTORIC RENOVATION Provo City Center Utah LDS Temple Dedicated in 1898, the Provo Tabernacle was an impressive structure of its time, featuring octagonal towers at all four corners, a high-pitched roof, exquisite woodwork, and room to seat 1,500. Shotcrete placed on interior face of the brick. The team understood what this project meant to the owner and community, and championed this vision from beginning to end.▪. The extensive temple grounds are decorated with a cascading water feature and numerous flowers, shrubs, and trees. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle Mar, 2017 By Jeff Miller, S.E., Jesse Malan, S.E. After the fire, tests were performed on the mortar in the brick walls and revealed minimal damage to the brick and mortar at the interior face of the walls. Pocatello Idaho Temple . Jeff Miller, S.E., is a Senior Principal at Reaveley Engineers in Salt Lake City. The design and construction team explored several excavation and shoring methods that would support the original five-wythe brick masonry walls while excavating two new sub-grade floor levels. With the foundation system complete, the focus shifted to a new structural steel superstructure inside the shell of the existing building. Based on initial observations, it was evident that the mortar consisted of fine aggregate and lime, and was quite weak. Experience STRUCTURE magazine at its best! The structure was designed to support the weight and overturning forces imposed by a new center tower matching the pre-1917 original. Wood-framed roofs at the four building corners. To the west and south of the Temple is a new single-level, sub-grade parking garage that connects to an adjacent parking garage. For example, the portico was enclosed, and the tower’s steeple now stands 10 feet taller. The new tower is laterally supported by steel braced frames which transfer forces to the shotcrete shear walls through the roof diaphragm and supplemental bracing. The Provo Utah Temple and Provo City Center Temple were the second pair of temples to be built in the same city, following the Jordan River Utah Temple (1981) and Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple (2009) in South Jordan, Utah. The new composite walls would be supported by cased micro-piles while 30,000 cubic yards of earth were removed. Credit: Charles Carter, Courtesy of Church History Library, Courtesy of Church History Library. Mechanical rebar couplers were placed at the bottom of vertical reinforcing bars within the shotcrete shear walls so that the bars could be extended into the top of the reinforced concrete foundation walls that were placed during a later phase of the project. 1800’s The proposed shoring system would need to ensure placement of the waterproofing membrane below the sub-basement floor and at the exterior face of the foundation walls without compromising the performance of the membrane under significant hydrostatic pressure. Provo City Center Temple. The renovation itself will remain a remarkable feat to those who watched every stage of the project. The groundbreaking ceremony for the Provo Utah Temple was held just one week after the groundbreaking ceremony for the Ogden Utah Temple, marking the first time that two groundbreaking ceremonies were held in the same month. St. George Utah Temple — Closed for renovations. 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